Diabetes part (1)
Diabetes This term includes a number of disorders characterized by the presence of problems in the hormone insulin produced by the pancreas naturally to help the body use sugar and fat and store some of them. Diabetes affects humans when there are problems in the production of this hormone to raise blood sugar level.
Symptoms of diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes.
Sometimes people with Prediabetes or Pregnancy Diabetes may not experience any symptoms at all.
Or they may feel some of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes or all symptoms together.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Urinate a lot, often
Very severe hunger
Low weight for unclear and unknown reasons
Healing (healing) wounds slowly
Frequent infections, in: gums, skin, vagina or urinary bladder.
Causes and risk factors of diabetes
The main causes of this sharp rise in diabetes include:
Lack of physical activity
Changes in food types: Common foods today include ready-made foods that cause diabetes, being rich in fat and sugars that are easily absorbed into the blood, leading to increased “insulin resistance.”
Know the causes and risk factors for diabetes by type:
Factors of type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and damages cells responsible for insulin secretion in the pancreas, rather than attacking and destroying harmful germs and / or viruses, as it normally does in normal (healthy) conditions.
As a result, the body stays with a small amount of insulin, or without insulin at all. In this case, sugar accumulates and accumulates in the blood circulation, rather than being distributed to different cells in the body.
The exact ocular cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, but family history seems likely to play an important role.
The risk of type 1 diabetes is higher in people whose parents or siblings have diabetes. Additional factors, too, may be causing diabetes, such as exposure to viral diseases.
Factors of type 2 diabetes
In people with “pre-diabetes” that may worsen into type 2 diabetes, cells resist the effect of insulin action while the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance.
In these cases, the sugar accumulates and accumulates in the blood circulation instead of being distributed to the cells and reaching them in various organs of the body.
The direct cause of these conditions is still unknown, but excess fat – especially in the abdomen – and lack of physical activity appear to be important factors.
Researchers are still looking for a real and accurate answer to the question: Why do the cases of “pre-diabetes” and type 2 diabetes affect specific people, specific, and not others.
However, there are several factors that obviously increase your risk of diabetes, including:
Age: Age greater than or equal to 45
Weight: Overweight defined as BMI greater than or equal to 25.
Inheritance: a relative of a family with a primary diabetes patient.
Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups known to have a high risk of developing diabetes.
Physical activity: lack of physical activity.
Hypertension: defined by blood pressure values higher than 90/140 mmHg.
Hypercholesterolemia: LDL is harmful
High level of triglycerides in the blood: It is one of the types of fat found in the body. Values higher than 250 mg / dL.
Polycystic ovary syndrome.
Vascular diseases: a personal history of these diseases.
Birth of a large-weight child: a personal history of women, including the birth of a child weighing more than 4.1 kg (the weight of the child immediately after birth).
Gestational diabetes: a personal history of gestational diabetes.
Hemoglobin glucosylate values: HBA1C greater or equal to 5.7%.
Glucose tolerance: Impaired glucose tolerance
Glucose Values: Those with a glucose impairment in their post-fasting examination impaired fasting glucose
When these factors appear – hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia above the normal level – together with obesity (excess weight) a relationship arises, together, with insulin resistance.
Factors of gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that help and support pregnancy. These hormones make cells more resistant to insulin.
In the second and third trimesters of the pregnancy, the placenta grows and produces large amounts of these hormones that make insulin work harder and make it more difficult.
In normal normal situations, the pancreas reacts by producing additional insulin to overcome that resistance.
Sometimes, however, the pancreas is unable to keep up with the pace, leading to too little sugar (glucose) reaching the cells, while much of it accumulates in the bloodstream. Thus gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) is formed.
Any pregnant woman may develop gestational diabetes, but there are women who are more likely than others.
Risk factors for diabetes include:
Women over the age of 25 years
Family or personal history
Complications of diabetes
Diabetes can lead to:
Gradual rise in blood pressure
Distinctive disorders of blood lipids, especially triglycerides (Triglyceride)
Low-density lipoprotein (HDL-HDL).
Diabetics generally have distinctive damage: in the kidneys, in the retina and in the nervous system.
However, complications from diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes.