Diabetes part (2)
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Complications of type I and II diabetes
Short-term complications of type 1 and type 2 diabetes require immediate treatment. Such cases, which are not treated immediately, may lead to convulsions and coma.

Hyperglycemia
High level of ketones in the urine (Diabetic ketoacidosis)
Hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia).
Long-term complications due to diabetes are progressive.

The risk of complications increases with diabetes at a younger age and in people who do not balance blood sugar. Complications of diabetes may eventually lead to disabilities or even death.

Cardiovascular disease (cardiovascular)
Neuropathy (Neuropathy)
Kidney damage (Nephropathy)
Damage to the eyes
Damage to the palm of the feet
Diseases of the skin and mouth
Bone and joint problems.
Complications of gestational diabetes
The majority of women who develop gestational diabetes give birth to healthy children. However, if the blood sugar of a pregnant woman is unbalanced and is not properly monitored and treated, it can cause damage to both the mother and the newborn.

Complications that may occur in a newborn due to gestational diabetes:

Overgrowth
Hypoglycemia
Respiratory distress syndrome
Jaundice
Type 2 diabetes at an advanced age
the death
Complications that may occur in the mother due to gestational diabetes:

Pre-eclampsia
Gestational diabetes in the next pregnancy also
Complications of pre-diabetes
The condition of pre-diabetes may develop and worsen to become type 2 diabetes.

Diagnosis of diabetes

There are several blood tests, which can diagnose symptoms of type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, including:

Random check for blood sugar level.
Check your blood sugar level during fasting.
If someone is diagnosed with diabetes symptoms, according to the results of the tests, the doctor may decide to conduct additional tests to determine the type of diabetes, in order to choose the appropriate treatment and effective, note that the treatment methods vary from type of diabetes to another.

Your doctor may also recommend a glycosylated hemoglobin A1C / Glycosylated hemoglobin test.

Screenings for gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes screening tests are an integral part of regular, routine, pregnancy tests.

Most medical professionals are advised to undergo a blood glucose test called the Glucose Challenge Test. It occurs during pregnancy, between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy, or earlier in women who are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.

The Glucose Challenge Test starts with a sugar syrup solution. An hour later, a blood test is performed to measure the level of diabetes. If blood sugar is higher than 140 mg / dl, this usually indicates gestational diabetes.

In most cases there is a need to repeat the test in order to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.

In preparation for the (additional) re-examination, the pregnant woman who is examined should fast the night before the examination. Here, again, a sweet solution is drank this time containing a higher concentration of glucose, then the blood glucose level is measured every hour, over three hours.

 Tests to detect "pre-diabetes"
The American College of Endocrinology (Endocrinology) usually recommends screening for "pre-diabetes" for anyone with a family history of type 2 diabetes, for those who are obese or with metabolic syndrome.

Women who have had gestational diabetes in the past should also be screened.

Your doctor may recommend one of the following tests to diagnose "pre-diabetes":

Checking blood sugar during fasting
Glucose tolerance test.

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