Treatment of type 1 diabetes
1. Monitor and record glucose concentration values (body sugar)
Research has shown the importance of monitoring and recording blood glucose values on a daily basis for more than once, and how well they help treat this group of patients better, as well as to suit the appropriate insulin dose.
We can monitor and record the values of glucose concentration in the body in two ways:
Measurement with a finger stick (fingerstick) to measure the concentration of glucose by a drop of blood from the finger.
Advanced subcutaneous electronic devices to measure the body's glucose concentration sequentially and throughout the day (according to a pre-programmed treatment program).
2- Insulin injection
We can divide insulin therapy into two categories:
Insulin therapy is a long-term (daily) treatment, a daily injection that provides the body with the basic amount of insulin. This makes it easier for the patient to accept treatment because there is no need to inject more than once a day.
Insulin therapy is of short-term efficacy. Insulin is taken immediately after daily meals.
Treatment of Pregnancy Diabetes
In order to maintain the health of the fetus and prevent complications during childbirth, the blood sugar level must be balanced.
In addition to ensuring proper nutrition and exercise, diabetes may also include monitoring blood sugar levels and, in some cases, insulin use.
The medical staff monitor the blood sugar level, including during the delivery process. Because if the pregnant woman's blood sugar level rises, the fetal body may secrete the hormone insulin at a high concentration, which will lead to a drop in blood sugar immediately after birth.
By maintaining a healthy lifestyle, many people with pre-diabetes can restore their blood sugar level to normal (or at least), preventing it from rising to levels similar to those seen in people with type 2 diabetes.
It may also be helpful to maintain a healthy weight through exercise and a healthy diet.
For people in a high-risk group, medications may sometimes be an appropriate and effective alternative to diabetes treatment. These include: conditions in which "pre-diabetes" is aggravated, or where the patient has diabetes from another disease, whether it is cardiovascular disease, fatty liver disease (FLD - Fatty liver disease) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (Polycystic ovary syndrome).
The drugs intended here are oral diabetes medications, such as Metformin.
In other cases, medications are needed to balance the cholesterol level - especially statins and medications to treat hypertension.
Your doctor is likely to prescribe a low-dose aspirin (Aspirin) as a preventive measure. However, a healthy lifestyle remains the key to success.
Prevention of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but a healthy lifestyle that contributes to the treatment and symptoms of pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also contribute to its prevention.
Care for healthy nutrition
Increased physical activity
Get rid of excess weight.
Drugs can sometimes be used. Oral diabetes medications, such as metformin and rosiglitazone, can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle remains very important.